Ecuadorian dating sites

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The end of the Ice Age brought changes to the flora and fauna, which led to the extinction of the large game hunted by Paleo-Indians, such as giant sloth, mammoth, and other Pleistocene megafauna.Humans adapted to the new conditions by relying more heavily on farming.The Valdivia culture, an outgrowth of the Las Vegas culture, was an important early civilization.While archaeological finds in Brazil and elsewhere have supplanted those at Valdivia as the earliest-known ceramics in the Americas, the culture retains its importance due to its formative role in Amerindian civilization in South America, which is analogous to the role of the Olmeca in Mexico.

Afro-Ecuadorian, people of Spanish descent, and others make up the remaining 20 percent.While archaeologists have proposed different temporal models at different times, the schematic currently in use divides prehistoric Ecuador into five major time periods: Lithic, Archaic, Formative, Regional Development, and Integration.These time periods are determined by the cultural development of groups being studied, and are not directly linked to specific dates, e.g. The Lithic period encompasses the earliest stages of development, beginning with the culture that migrated into the American continents and continuing until the Late Pleistocene or Early Holocene.They indicate a hunting and gathering economy, and date from the Late Pleistocene epoch, or about 11,000 years ago.These Paleo-Indians subsisted on the megafauna that inhabited the Americas at the time, which they hunted and processed with stone tools of their own manufacture.

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